University Challenge 2018/19 E16. Hertford – Oxford v Exeter

University Challenge 2018/19 E16. Hertford – Oxford v Exeter

APPLAUSE Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. Hello. We’re about to learn
the complete line-up of teams playing in the second round
of this competition. 14 institutions have gone
straight through, and ten teams have gone
straight home. Last time, we saw the first
of the losers’ play-offs being won by Emmanuel College,
Cambridge. And tonight, the second play-off
will decide who’ll get the one remaining spot
in the second round. Now, the team from Hertford College,
Oxford, were in the lead for much of their first-round match, but ended up on level pegging
on the last starter question, when they saw Clare College,
Cambridge, beat them to the buzzer on a question about people
called Robinson, leaving them with 150 points
to Clare’s 160. Nevertheless, what they knew
about the deaths of Roman emperors, indie rock bands and Manet’s
Spanish influences was quite enough to bring them back
for this final chance to qualify. Their average age is 21. Let’s get them
to reintroduce themselves. Hi, I’m Stephanie Woodgate. I’m from south London
and I’m studying biology. Hi, I’m Pat Taylor. I’m from Warwick
and I’m studying physics. This is their captain.
Hi, I’m Richard Tudor. I’m from Stourbridge in the West
Midlands and I’m reading history. Hi, I’m Chris. I’m from Orpington in South London
and I’m studying English lit. APPLAUSE Now, it was a similar story
for Exeter University in their first-round match
against the University of Warwick, whom they were beating
until the final moments, when they saw their lead turn
into a 15-point defeat at the gong. But that does mean
that they come to this play-off with the same number of points
in their bag as their opponents tonight –
150 in each case. The composer Wendy Carlos,
landmarks in Krakow and the Eurasian oystercatcher were among their diverse strengths
last time. Their average age is only 20.
Let’s meet the Exeter team again. Hi, I’m Simon.
I’m from Hitchin in Hertfordshire and I’m studying natural sciences. Hi, I’m Will Klintworth. I’m from Woking and I’m reading
history and international relations. And this is their captain.
Hi, I’m Danny. I’m from Oxford
and I’m studying physics. Hi, I’m Jessica. I’m originally from Chichester and I’m studying for a PhD
in acoustic meta-materials. APPLAUSE OK, you all know the rules by now,
so let’s just get on with it. Fingers on the buzzers.
Here’s your first starter for ten. Said to reflect the idyllic profiles of many of the offshore
jurisdictions whose workings were unveiled, what two-word name was given to over 13 million confidential
electronic documents… Panama Papers. No, you lose five points. ..13 million confidential… You can hear the whole question…
Paradise Papers. Paradise Papers is
what they were called, yes. APPLAUSE So, you get a set of bonuses
on meetings and assemblies, Exeter. What term is derived
from the Old Norse for “house assembly” or “council”? In modern usage,
its plural form refers to proceedings
in an electoral campaign. THEY CONFER Husting. Correct. What term of North American origin
is used for a meeting to nominate candidates
for political office or for a faction that aims
to influence party policy? Caucus. Correct. Derived, in part,
from the Latin for “key”, what term is used
for a private assembly of cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church? Enclave. No, it’s conclave. Ten points for this. Originally the name of a park or garden near Athens,
where Plato taught, what word is now associated
in the UK with a type of school that’s funded
directly by the government, rather than the local council, and isn’t bound to follow
the national curriculum. Academy. Academy is correct. APPLAUSE You get bonuses
on the British statistician and eugenicist Karl Pearson. Born in 1857, Pearson believed
that all knowledge is based on what one perceives
through the senses, thus making him a proponent
of which philosophy associated with Auguste Comte? THEY CONFER Empiricism. No, it’s positivism. Pearson invented several essential
statistical techniques, including a method to calculate which measure of linear association
between two variables? I need a two-word term here. THEY CONFER Linear regression. No, it’s correlation coefficient. And finally, Pearson’s interest
in statistics was stimulated by which eminent British scientist,
a cousin of Darwin? He’s sometimes known
as the father of eugenics. THEY CONFER Nominate Page. Galton.
Francis Galton is correct, yes. Listen carefully.
I need two answers here. In 1951, Richard Doll
and Austin Bradford Hill recruited 40,000 doctors
for a long-term study that established a direct link between what disease
and what practice? Smoking and cancer. That’s correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on doping in sport,
Hertford College. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, the Swedish team became the first
to lose their medals for doping after one member reportedly drank
two beers to calm his nerves before which event
of the modern pentathlon? THEY CONFER Shall we say archery? Shooting? OK. Shooting. Shooting is correct. At the 2016 Olympics, the Kyrgyz
weightlifter Izzat Artykov was stripped of his bronze medal when he tested positive
for what banned substance? It’s a poisonous alkaloid which has been used in small doses
as a stimulant. THEY CONFER Pass, sorry. It’s strychnine. In the context of doping,
for what do the letters TUE stand, referring to situations in which,
“Athletes may have illnesses “or conditions that require them
to take particular medications”? THEY CONFER Nominate Page again. Therapeutic Use Exemption. Correct. Ten points for this.
William Grindal and Roger Ascham were among the childhood teachers of which English monarch? The latter teacher also served
as secretary to Sir Richard Morrison, the ambassador
to the Emperor Charles V. Elizabeth I. Correct. APPLAUSE You get three bonuses on
the playwright Lorraine Hansberry. The first drama
by an African-American woman to be produced on Broadway, Hansberry’s play
A Raisin In The Sun takes its title from a poem by which central figure
of the Harlem Renaissance? THEY CONFER Is it Alain Locke?
No, it’s Langston Hughes. Secondly, in 1963,
Hansberry was one of a group of prominent black cultural figures
who met which politician, then serving as Attorney General, to discuss rising racial tensions
in the United States? The meeting ended with Hansberry
walking out in frustration. THEY CONFER Bobby Kennedy. Correct. Which civil rights anthem
was originally written by Nina Simone and Weldon Irvine
as a tribute to Hansberry, following her death in 1965,
at the age of 34? THEY CONFER Nominate Woodgate.
I Think It’s Going To Rain Today. No, it’s
To Be Young, Gifted And Black. We’re going to take a picture round. A picture starter. You’re going to see a map on which
a major forest has been marked. Ten points if you can give me
its name. The Forest of Dean. Correct. APPLAUSE The Forest of Dean is one of England’s surviving
ancient woodlands – that is, an area that has been
continually forested since 1600. Your bonuses are three more forests
that contain significant areas of ancient woodland.
Five points for each you can name. Firstly, the two-word name of the Area of Outstanding
Natural Beauty at A. THEY CONFER Peak District.
No, that’s Cannock Chase. Secondly,
the name of the forest at B. Normally Klintworth. Epping Forest. Correct.
And finally, the Forest at C. THEY CONFER Nominate Klintworth.
Sherwood Forest. Correct. Ten points for this. For what do the letters YBA stand,
when indicating a loose grouping… Young British Artists. That is correct, yes. APPLAUSE You get to see the bonuses
on Edouard Manet’s 1863 painting The Luncheon On The Grass,
or Le Dejeuner Sur L’herbe. Manet’s work excited scandal because of the nonchalant way
it portrayed nudity. Its theme is thought to derive
from the works of Titian and which other Venetian painter, in particular his 1508 work,
the Tempest? THEY CONFER Giorgione. Correct. The composition of the painting
is thought to be based, in part, on a lost work by which Italian? His example dominated
the academic tradition of painting until the mid-19th century. THEY CONFER Raphael. Correct. Which French author was a notable
defender of Manet’s Dejeuner? His 1885 novel, The Work, reflects the Parisian art world
of the later 19th century. THEY CONFER Zola. It was Emile Zola, yes.
Ten points for this. Developed by the US inventor
Charles Goodyear in 1839, what chemical process… Vulcanisation.
Vulcanisation is correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on the sciences. Firstly, which metric unit was
originally intended to be equal to the mass of one cubic centimetre
of pure water at four degrees Celsius? THEY CONFER Gram. Correct. Along with the Danish actuary
Jorgan Gram, which German mathematician gives
his name to a widely used algorithm
in linear algebra for orthonormalising
sets of basis vectors? THEY CONFER Boiler. No, it’s Schmidt. Named after
another Danish scientist, the Gram stain is used
to distinguish between forms of which group
of prokaryotic organisms? Bacteria. Correct. Ten points for this. Answer promptly,
giving the present-day names of the three countries. In addition to Hungary,
which countries form the regional cooperation group,
known as the Visegrad… Poland, Slovakia
and the Czech Republic. That’s correct, yes. APPLAUSE These bonuses are
on early Gothic cathedrals. Get them and you take the lead. Begun in 1220
and overlooking the River Somme, the early Gothic cathedral
of which city is often described as the largest in France? THEY CONFER Nominate Klintworth. Arras.
No, it’s Amiens. Also begun in the 1220s, independently inscribed
as a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Cathedral Of Our Lady
is in which Spanish city, the historic capital of Castile? It’s like north Spain. Um… THEY CONFER Nominate Brown. Tarragona. No, it’s Burgos. And finally, a leading example
of early English architecture, which cathedral in southern England
replaced a structure at Old Sarum? THEY CONFER Nominate Brown. Salisbury Cathedral.
Correct. Ten points for this. What precise five-word proverb forms the last line
of Robert Frost’s poem Mending Wall? Contrasting with the apparent
viewpoint of the poet, the proverb in question suggests that defined boundaries give rise
to mutual respect. “Never meet your own heroes.”
Anyone like to buzz from Hertford? “Never meet your own heroes.”
Anyone like to buzz from Hertford? I’ll tell you. It’s
“Good fences make good neighbours.” Ten points for this. The name of two connected palaces
in Vienna, what architectural term denotes
a structure designed to overlook a scenic area? Its name comes from the Italian
for “beautiful view”. Bella Vista. Anyone like to buzz from Hertford? Is it Buona Vista? No, it’s Belvedere.
Ten points for this. What two-word term refers
to both a period of time and a geographical area affected
by the severe drought of the 1930s, particularly in the Oklahoma… Dust bowl. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses this time, Exeter,
are on agricultural products. All three answers begin
with the same two letters. Firstly, originating in Sumatra,
a rendang is a stew of meat, spices and what versatile
tropical food product, known in Indonesian as “kelapa”? THEY CONFER Mango. No, it’s coconut milk. What name is given
to the dried kernel of the fruit of the coconut palm that forms the basis for
the production of coconut oil and coconut oil cake? It begins with CO. Cord? Cord. No, it’s copra. And finally, what short term is used
for the fibrous husk of the coconut, when used for making rope
or matting? Dunno. Cord? Cord. No, it’s coir. We’re going
to take a music round now. For your music starter, you’ll hear
a piece of classical music written in 1884. Ten points if you can name
the composer. ORCHESTRAL MUSIC PLAYS Grieg. It is Grieg, yes. It’s part of the prelude
from the Holberg Suite, which was written
for the 200th anniversary of the birth of the playwright
Ludvig Holberg, and used musical forms that would
have been popular during his life. Music bonuses. Three more exercises
in musical nostalgia. Name the composer for each.
Firstly, for five. This looked back
at baroque courtly dances. ORCHESTRAL MUSIC PLAYS THEY CONFER Faure. No, that’s Ravel.
It’s Pavane For A Dead Princess. Oh, so it is. Secondly, this 20th-century attempt
to evoke 18th-century Spain. CLASSICAL MUSIC PLAYS THEY CONFER Rodrigo. It is Rodrigo, yes. And finally, the composer
of this work, written with the aim of sustaining the tradition
of the English military band. MUSIC PLAYS Vaughan Williams.
Vaughan Williams is right. Ten points for this. Which two letters begin four words meaning a neotenic
Mexican salamander, a statement regarded
as being self-evident… AX. AX is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses this time,
Hertford College, are on Paris. Having first been buried
on St Helena, the remains of Napoleon Bonaparte
were moved in 1840 to which building complex
in central Paris? THEY CONFER The Pantheon. It was Les Invalides. Secondly, which leading
Allied commander was buried at Les Invalides in 1929? He’s reputed to have dismissed
the Treaty of Versailles as “an armistice for 20 years”. THEY CONFER Pass, sorry. It’s Foch. And finally,
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, whose ashes were transferred
to Les Invalides in 1915, is noted as the composer
of the piece of music now known by what name? THEY CONFER The Marseillaise. Correct. Ten points for this. What colour links a 1985 film
directed by Woody Allen, the first line… Purple. Purple is correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on elements
known since antiquity. In each case, name the element from
its position on the periodic table. Firstly, which element appears
on the periodic table between indium and antimony
and above lead? Tin. Tin. Correct. Which element appears
between palladium and cadmium and below copper? THEY CONFER Silver. Correct. Finally, which element appears
between manganese and cobalt? THEY CONFER Iron. Iron is correct. Another starter question. After a 19th-century
French engineer, what name is given to the apparent
tendency of the path of an object to be deflected when it moves
in a rotating coordinate system? Coriolis. Coriolis is correct. APPLAUSE Right, Exeter, your bonuses are on the Indian-born film-maker
Mira Nair. Nair’s 2016 film Queen Of Katwe depicts the life of Phiona Mutesi, a chess prodigy
born in which African country? THEY CONFER Uganda. Correct. The 2012 film,
The Reluctant Fundamentalist, is Nair’s adaptation of a novel
by which author born in Lahore? His other works include Moth Smoke
and Exit West. Shall we try Rushdie? No, he was… THEY CONFER Could be Yann Martel. Rushdie. No, it’s Mohsin Hamid. And thirdly, a 2009 film by Nair
concerns which US aviator who disappeared
in the central Pacific in 1937? Amelia Earhart. Correct. Ten points for this.
After a Greek letter, what adjective
describes a variety of English in which the letter R is pronounced, not only in prevocalic position,
but also before a consonant… Rhotic. Rhotic is correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on
South American capitals. Get them, you’ll take the lead. In each case,
I need the capital and its country. The first three letters of the name
of which South American capital spell the beginning of a Latin motto
meaning “Who dares wins”? THEY CONFER Quito, Ecuador. Correct. Secondly, which South American
capital shares its first six letters with the
Roman emperor assassinated in 217? He’s noted for the construction
of public baths in Rome. THEY CONFER Caracas and Venezuela. Correct. And finally, the last five letters of the name of which South American
capital mean “I see” in Latin? THEY CONFER It’s Montevideo. Montevideo and Uruguay. Correct. We’re going to take
a picture round now. For your picture starter, you’ll see
a still from a biographical film. For ten points, I want the name
of the author being portrayed. Sorry. No, sorry.
One of you buzz, Exeter. Emily Dickinson. No, it’s Judi Dench as Iris Murdoch. So, we’ll take the picture bonuses
in a moment or two and here’s another starter question
in the meantime. The historic districts
of which Asian city include the UNESCO World Heritage
Sites of the Red Fort… Beijing. No, you lose five points. ..Humayun’s Tomb
and the Qutub Minar? Delhi. Delhi is correct, yes. APPLAUSE That means that you get
the picture bonuses following on from Judi Dench
playing Iris Murdoch, whom none of you identified. Your picture bonuses are
three more stills from biographical films
about writers. Again, in each case, I just want
the name of the writer in question. Firstly… THEY CONFER Allen Ginsberg.
It is Allen Ginsberg. Daniel Radcliffe playing him.
Secondly… THEY CONFER PL Travers. It is. Emma Thompson
being PL Travers. And finally… Truman Capote. That is, as betrayed
by Philip Seymour Hoffman. Ten points for this. In insect anatomy, which organ has
the ommatidium as its basic… The eye. The eye is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses, Hertford,
are on the Berlin Wall. In June, 1961,
which East German leader said, “Nobody has any intention
of building a wall”? Construction of the wall
began in August. THEY CONFER I can’t think of a single one. Sorry, no. That was Walter Ulbricht. In a speech in West Berlin
in June, 1987, to whom did Ronald Reagan
address the words, “If you seek liberalisation,
come here to this gate”? Mr Gorbachev, Mikhail Gorbachev? Gorbachev. Correct. The Berlin Wall’s Checkpoint Charlie
is the scene of the denouement of which novel
of 1963 by John Le Carre? The Spy Who Came In From The Cold.
The Spy Who Came In From The Cold. The Spy Who Came In From The Cold.
Correct. Four and a half minutes to go.
Ten points for this. How is Armand Jean du Plessis
more usually known? A chief minister to Louis XIII,
he was nicknamed L’Eminence Rouge. Cardinal Richelieu. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on India. In each case, give the predominant
cardinal direction in which one would travel
in the shortest straight line from the first city to the second. For example,
Darjeeling to Kolkata is south. Firstly, Chennai to Bangalore. THEY CONFER North. No, it’s west. Secondly, Varanasi to Patna. THEY CONFER North. No, that’s east. And finally, Goa to Pune. THEY CONFER North. That is North, yes. LAUGHTER AND APPLAUSE Ten points for this. In the mid-1980s, Tony Blair, John Major and William Hague were
successive holders of what office… Presidents of the Oxford Union. No. You lose five points. ..given statutory recognition
in 1937? Leader of the Opposition. It was Leader of the Opposition,
yes. I don’t think John Major went
to university, did he? 15 points for these bonuses.
They’re on history. I need the precise year
in which the following occurred, the year in each case being
a reduplicating number, for example, 1010 or 1919. Firstly, the founding of Havana
by the Conquistador Diego Velazquez and the accession of Francis I
of France. THEY CONFER 1515. Correct. Secondly, the parting of the statute
against Lollards in England and the start
of the Council of Constance. 1414. Correct. Finally, the year in which
Sir Thomas Roe presented his credentials
to the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. THEY CONFER 1717. No, it’s 1616.
There’s just over two minutes to go and ten points for this. In the virology of influenza,
the letters HA denote which antigen? Haemagglutinin. Correct. You get a set of bonuses now
on meteorites. From the Greek for “missile”, what six-letter term denotes
a large meteor, usually one that explodes
in Earth’s atmosphere in the form of a fireball? THEY CONFER A meteor that explodes, six letters. Come on. No, sorry. It’s a bolide. Secondly, in February, 2013, a super-bolide was seen
over which Russian city? The large fireball was recorded by number of video
and dashboard cameras, and the images were widely
circulated on the internet. THEY CONFER Come on. Vladivostok. No, it’s Chelyabinsk. The Hoba meteorite, finally,
is the largest to be found on Earth, weighing over 60 tonnes. It remains in situ
in which southern African country? THEY CONFER Namibia. Correct. Ten points for this.
From the Greek for “common to many”, what adjective denotes nouns
and pronouns that may denote individuals
of either sex, such as person, they, or member? Neutral. Anyone like to buzz from Exeter,
quickly? Pronoun. No, it’s epicene.
Ten points for this. Named after a character created
by the playwright Beaumarchais, which French daily newspaper
was founded… Le Figaro. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses, this time,
are on US golf courses. The host of a major championship
every April, which course in Georgia shares
its name with a feminine form of the name
of the first Roman emperor? Augusta. Correct. The host
of the 2012 Ryder Cup match, which course in Illinois shares
its name with the second holiest city
in Islam? THEY CONFER Medina. Correct. And finally, the host
of the 2008 Ryder Cup match, which course in Kentucky shares
its name with the Hall of Slain Warriors
in Norse mythology? Valhalla. Correct. Ten points for this.
Writing in 1885, for whom did Tennyson provide
the epitaph, “Warrior of God, man’s friend,
not here below, “but somewhere dead
far in the waste Soudan”? General Gordon. Correct. GONG And at the gong, Exeter University have 165 but Hertford College, Oxford,
have 215. APPLAUSE Bad luck, Exeter. That’s a very creditable score
though, so congratulations to you. That’s more than you scored
in the first round, isn’t it? I think it is. Congratulations. Never mind, you’re going
to have to go though. LAUGHTER Sorry, that sounds harsh. I didn’t mean it to sound harsh. You did jolly well.
I’m sorry you’re going. Hertford College,
congratulations to you. Well done. We shall look forward to seeing you
at the next stage of the competition.
Thank you for joining us. I hope you can join us next time for the start
of the second round proper. Until then, it’s goodbye from
Exeter University… ALL: Goodbye. It’s goodbye from Hertford College,
Oxford. ALL: Goodbye. And it’s goodbye from me. Goodbye. APPLAUSE

25 Replies to “University Challenge 2018/19 E16. Hertford – Oxford v Exeter

  1. So happy for the fast upload, thank you!! Lay from Exeter has a wonderfully rich speaking voice. Congratulations to the winners for a great job!

  2. And again, in the first picture round, I thought, "If you're going to do forests, surely you have to have Sherwood!" Aaaaaand, sure enough…

    There have been quite a few question sets with a cliché in them this season, IMO.

  3. Devil's Advocate here again with crash helmet on 🙂
    Well matched teams but the key to Hertford's win could've been Happy Woodgate. In R1 she was pretty much a passenger, but here she got her 3 Bio Qs correct + 5/9 or 25 points off the resulting bonuses, a total of 55 points, enabling their 50-point win.

  4. Good range of general topics this time, and well-matched teams. It's becoming more evident that teams have to play at full strength, no passengers.

    21 Qs + 4 misses.
    Hertford-O: 11 starters with Captain Tudor on 4, Woodgate 3 (Bio), Page & Taylor 2 each. 1×5 penalty. Bonus conversion rate 67%, incl. 4 full houses.

    Exeter: 10 starters, Klintworth & Lay 4 each, Waitland 2. 2×5 penalty. Bcr 56%.

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