University Challenge 2018/19 E7. York v St Edmund Hall – Oxford. 3 Sep 2018

University Challenge 2018/19 E7. York v St Edmund Hall – Oxford. 3 Sep 2018

APPLAUSE University Challenge.
Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. Hello. Two of the younger teams in
the competition play each other tonight, with a place in the
second round for whichever can display a knowledge
beyond their years. Both teams will know that
while winning is the aim, losing with a score that is among
the four highest losing scores in these first-round matches will
bring them back for a final chance to qualify for the second round. Now, the idea for a university at
York was first mooted in 1617, but civil wars, parliamentary
interference, and the establishment of the university at Durham all
conspired to thwart the plan, until the appearance of the
Robbins Report in the 1960s, placing it among those known as
the plate glass universities. Alumni include the journalist Kevin
Maguire, the writers Graham Swift, Anthony Horowitz and Helen Dunmore,
the media mogul Greg Dyke, and the politicians Harriet Harman
and Oona King. Representing around 17,000 students,
and with an average age of 21, let’s meet the York team. Hi, my name is Nils Boender. I’m from Leiden in the Netherlands,
and I’m studying History. Hello, I’m Danny Bate.
I’m from South Norfolk, and I’m studying Linguistics. And their captain. Hello, I’m William Blackett
from Sunderland, and I’m studying History. Hello, I’m Francesco Palazzo. I’m from London and North Yorkshire, and I’m studying Medicine at
Hull York Medical School. APPLAUSE St Edmund Hall, Oxford
is first documented in 1317, although its establishment predates
that, making it one of the oldest surviving academic societies to
house and educate undergraduates. Named after St Edmund of Abingdon,
a former Archbishop of Canterbury, its alumni include the comedians
Terry Jones, Emma Kennedy and Stewart Lee,
the journalist Samira Ahmed, and the politician Keir Starmer. Representing around 650 students,
with an average age of 19, let’s meet the St Edmund Hall team. Hello, I’m Agastya Pisharody. I’m originally from India, but I
grew up in Basel, Switzerland, and I’m reading Material Science. Hello, I’m Marceline,
I’m from the Netherlands, and I’m reading Economics
And Management. And this is THEIR captain. Hi, I’m Freddy Leo,
I’m from Berlin, Germany, and I’m studying History. Hello, I’m Lizzy Fry,
I’m reading Geography, and I’m from Worcestershire. APPLAUSE Well, you all know the rules,
so fingers on the buzzers. Here’s your first starter for
ten points. What four-letter placename element
appears at the end of the Armenians’ name for
their own country, and of a historical name
for India? In English, its plural… Stan. Stan is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on winners of the
Bafta Television Craft Award for Best Comedy Writing. Firstly, Rob Delaney and Sharon
Horgan won in 2016 for which series in which they play a couple thrust
together when Horgan’s character becomes pregnant from their
initial brief fling? Nominate Fry. Catastrophe. Correct. Which writer and actor won in 2013
for the black comedy Hunderby, a parody of period dramas in which
she plays a sinister housekeeper? She is also the creator of Camping
and Nighty Night. Julia Davis? No idea. Nominate Fry. Julia Davis? Correct. And finally, which screenwriter won
his fifth Bafta in 2014 for his work on The IT Crowd, following previous successes with
Black Books and Father Ted? Nominate Fry. Graham Linehan. Correct. APPLAUSE Right, ten points for this
starter question. What country of origin links the
following artists? Anna Boch, Cindy Wright, Pierre Alechinsky, Constant Permeke, Paul Delvaux,
James Ensor and Rene Magritte? Belgium. Belgium is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Right, your bonuses this time
are on the novels of Agatha Christie, Teddy Hall. Christie frequently took the titles
of her novels from other works of literature. What two-word title did she give to
her crime novel of 1967, taken from lines in William Blake’s
Auguries Of Innocence? “Some are born to sweet delight
Some are born to…” Something that’s going to rhyme with
light, so night, maybe? Maybe. I don’t know.
Delight, night, perhaps. Yep. Have a punt. Holy Night. No, it’s Endless Night. First published in 1942, which of Christie’s Miss Marple
novels takes its title from Fitzgerald’s translation of
The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam and refers to that which, quote,
“Writes, and having writ, moves on.” The Moving Finger, I think. Yes. The Moving Finger. Correct. Also featuring Miss Marple,
which novel of 1962 takes its seven-word title from a line in
Tennyson’s The Lady Of Shalott? Seven…? Is that seven? I don’t know. “I Am Quite Sick Of Shadows,” Said. No, it’s The Mirror Crack’d From
Side To Side. Ten points for this. Every simply connected, closed, three-dimensional mathematical space
is topologically equivalent to the 3-sphere,
which is a generalisation of the ordinary sphere to
a higher dimension. Which French mathematician gives…? Poincare. Poincare is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on Hindu festivals
this time, St Edmund Hall. Particularly associated with the
temple complex at Puri in India, the Ratha Yatra Festival
is celebrated by the pulling of chariots carrying idols of Krishna
and his siblings. This festival has in turn given rise
to which ten-letter word in English? Juggernaut. Juggernaut. Correct. Secondly,
the Festival of Raksha Bandhan, in which a woman ties a thread
around a man’s wrist, celebrates which familial
relationship? It’s brothers and sisters, siblings. Siblings. Specifically? Brothers and sisters. Correct, yes. And finally, the Festival of
Dusshera is often celebrated with a re-enactment of which hero’s
victory over Ravana, the King of Lanka? Ram. Rama. Ram or Rama is correct, yes. Right, we’re going to take a
picture round now. For your picture starter, you will
see a map showing two cities. For ten points, gave me the
eight-letter name they have in common. Santiago. Santiago, Chile and Santiago de
Compostela in Spain is correct, well done. APPLAUSE They’re both named after St James,
of course. Your picture bonuses,
three more pairs of places, and in each case, I need the name of
the biblical figure from which both places derive
their names. Firstly for five, these cities. Is it San Diego? It’s not, no. San Jose, is that there? Well, which biblical figure, though? It won’t just be called Joseph? St Joseph? It is St Joseph, yes. San Jose, California and
San Jose, Costa Rica. Secondly, these much smaller
settlements. Is that St Michael’s? Yes. St Michael. It is St Michael’s Mount in Cornwall
and Mont-Saint-Michel in Normandy. And finally, these cities. Is that St Paul? St Paul? OK. St Paul. Indeed, Minnesota and Sao Paulo. Right. Ten points for this. An Italian popular leader of
the 14th century, a medieval German singer and poet, a ghost ship that can never make… Richard Wagner. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on sport in art. Depicting four moustached figures in
striped shorts and jerseys, The Football Players is
in 1908 painting by which French naive artist,
born in 1844? Henri Rousseau.
Henri Rousseau is correct, yes. Max Schmitt In A Single Scull is
an 1871 painting by which US artist? A prominent exponent of realism, he’s also noted for his depictions
of surgical theatre. I don’t know. Surgical theatre? Church. No, it’s Eakins. Scene From The Steeplechase:
The Fallen Jockey and Racehorses At Longchamp
are among the depictions of horse racing by
which French artist, born 1834? Is that Degas? Is that
the one with the jockeys…? Might be… Yeah? No, it’s not. It’s not Degas, is it? You can try it,
but I don’t think it’s Degas. Degas. Degas is correct. Oh! Ten points for this. What two letters end the names of all of the following? Firstly, a New Zealand territory
north of the Samoan Islands, secondly, the Pacific Republic that
forms the western part of the Caroline Islands and the capitals
of Moldova and the Bahamas. Chisinau.
No, I’m afraid you lose five points. A-U. A-U is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses now are
on photosynthesis, St Edmund Hall. What letter is used to denote the
diagrammatic representation associated with the redox changes of the light reactions of
photosynthesis? Any ideas? P, maybe? Sorry? P? PH? Do you want to go for it?
I don’t know… What about carbon? It could be C, as in carbon cycle,
or something? Do you want to go for that?
I don’t know. I don’t know. C. No, it’s Z. In nanometres, what is the absorption maximum of
photosystem II? Absorption… Do you want to just…? Two? 0.2? Yeah, go for it, have a guess. 0.2. No, it’s 680. In oxygenic photosynthesis, what
substance is the electron donor? Isn’t that, like, sunl…?
No. It’s water or… Oxygen can be the water…
The electron pair owner. H2O? Or water? Yeah, sure. H2O, water. Correct. Ten points for this – Edmund Grindel and John Whitgift were
successive archbishops of Canterbury during the reign of which
English monarch? The former Archbishop was
more conciliatory than the latter towards Puritans. Queen Mary. Anyone like to buzz from York? Charles I. No, it’s Elizabeth I. Ten points for this. Answer promptly, spell your answer. Spell both the forename and the
surname of the US author of the vampire romance series Twilight. That’s Stephanie Meyer,
so that makes S-T-E-P-H-A-N-I-E, and then space, M-E-Y-E-R. No. Do I have to spell the first name
as well? Yes, of course you do. Stephanie Mayer,
S-T-E-P-H-A-N-I-E… No, that’s wrong as well.
There’s no A in it. Right, ten points for this
starter question. In physics, if the angle of
incidence of a ray of light passing from water to air is equal
to the critical angle, what is the angle of refraction? 90 degrees. 90 degrees is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on opening
lines of noted poems. I need the title of the poem and
the poet in each case. From a poem, firstly, first
published in 1915, “Let us go then, you and I, “When the evening is spread out
against the sky “Like a patient,
etherised upon a table.” They want the poet
and the poem, right? OK. The Love Song Of J Alfred Prufrock
by TS Eliot. Correct. Which poem by which writer begins, “I have met them at
the close of day “Coming with vivid faces
From counter or desk among grey “18th-century houses.” Easter, 1916
by William Butler Yeats. Correct. Its earlier sections published
from 1917, which very long poem by which writer includes the lines, “And then went down to the ship “Set keel to breakers,
forth on the godly seas, and “We set up mast and sail
on that swart ship”? 1917… Could it be Cantos by Ezra Pound,
or is that too…? Oh, yeah, could be. I would have gone for
something else, but I think what you said makes
more sense. I’m not sure… But I don’t know… Anyway. The Cantos by Ezra Pound. Correct. LAUGHTER Right, time for a music question,
I think. For your music starter, you’ll hear
the overture to an opera. For ten points,
please name its composer. DRIVING STRINGS Rossini. Rossini, it is The Barber
Of Seville overture, of course. So you get the music bonuses. 2018 marks 150 years since
Rossini’s death. And for your music bonuses, you’re going to hear three more
of his overtures. In each case, name the opera from
which it’s taken. Firstly… CEREMONIAL MARCH The Thieving Magpie.
It is indeed, yes. Secondly… VIBRANT STRINGS Tancredi. No, it’s Cinderella. And finally… ROUSING BRASS William Tell.
William Tell is correct, yes. Ten points for this. In Gothic architecture, what term
denotes a vertical support, usually of stone,
between the panes of a window? Substituting the letter M
for a B gives… Buttress. No, I’m afraid you’re going to lose
five points because you interrupted. ..substituting the initial letter M
for a B gives a word meaning “precious metal in the mass”. It’s a mullion. Ten points for this. Madame De Pompadour and The Sun King are historical biographies by
which English writer? Born in 1904, the eldest daughter of
the second Lord Redesdale, she achieved literary fame
in 1945… Nancy Mitford. Nancy Mitford. Nancy Mitford is correct, yes. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on
video game designers who’ve been awarded
the Bafta Fellowship. In each case, identify the person
or company from the description. Firstly, the creator
of franchises including The Legend Of Zelda,
Donkey Kong and Mario. He was awarded the fellowship
in 2010. The person, not…? I thought it was the company?
Just say Nintendo. Nintendo. No, that’s Miyamoto. Secondly,
the creator of the Sims franchise. In 2007, he became the first figure
in the video game industry to be awarded the fellowship. Maxis is the name of the company,
but… But do you know the guy? Pass. That’s Will Wright. And finally, the name of the company
that’s developed games including Bully, Red Dead Redemption
and the Grand Theft Auto… Rockstar.
Rockstar is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Ten points for this. Which country’s national flag
consists of three horizontal bands whose colours, from top to bottom,
are expressed in the words melatonin, rubella and
chrysanthemum? France. No. York? Germany. Germany is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on medieval
biographies, York. Completed in 1374,
De Mulieribus Claris, or On Famous Women, is a collection
of biographies of historical and mythological women
by which Italian writer? What was the date? 1374. Petrarch? Petrarch. No, it’s Boccaccio. Which French author wrote The Book
Of The City Of Ladies in 1405? It describes an allegorical city, populated by women of great renown
as a response to their contemporary’s, quote,
“wicked insults,” about women and their behaviour. Is that Christine de Pizan?
Correct. And finally, which poet’s works
include The Legend Of Good Women? It presents biographies of ten
notable women in an apology for any offence caused by his
earlier work, Troilus and Criseyde. Any ideas? Chaucer? Chaucer. Chaucer is correct. APPLAUSE OK, another starter question. Trader in quill pens and Christmas
are possible translations of the surnames of which two tennis
players, both born in the 1980s, and noted for a
long-established rivalry? Federer and Nadal. Correct. APPLAUSE Right, these bonuses are on
enzyme inhibition. In each case, name the type of
inhibition from the description. Firstly, the type of inhibition that
occurs when a molecule similar to the substrate binds to
the enzyme’s active site, thereby preventing binding of
the actual substrate. Antagonism. Antagonism? Yeah. Antagonism. No, it’s competitive inhibition. Secondly, the inhibition
that occurs when a small molecule binds to an enzyme at a site
other than the active site. This changes the enzyme’s
shape and prevents the substrate from binding to the active site. Indirect. Indirect? Indirect inhibition. Indirect inhibition. No, it’s allosteric inhibition. And finally, the inhibition in which
a product of a biochemical pathway suppresses the activity of
an enzyme within the same pathway. The clackers phenomenon, maybe? The clackers phenomenon. No, that’s feedback inhibition. Ten points for this.
Name any one of the three Mughal emperors,
in addition to Akbar the Great, who reigned during the 17th century? Aurangzeb. That’s correct, yes. The others are Jahangir
and Shah Jahan. So we’re going to take a set of
bonuses for you now, St Edmund Hall. They’re on plants of the
parsley family. In each case, give the common name
from the description. Firstly, Conium maculatum. by tradition, this was the cause of
death of the philosopher Socrates. A single-word answer is sufficient. Hemlock, yeah? Hemlock. Hemlock is right. Pastinaca sativa,
cultivated since ancient times for its tapering, edible root. Pastinaca are, like, the white
carrots? The white carrot sticks. Horseradish? OK, Pastinake in German are, like,
white, carroty things. Is that what a horseradish is?
LAUGHTER Horseradish. No, it is another similar thing,
it’s a parsnip. Oh, OK. And finally, Apium graveolens, one of the principal ingredients
of a Waldorf salad. Waldorf is like… White cabbage? Waldorf is like… What’s something that has
a big root? Celery, right?
Celery is in Waldorf? Celery root. That’s not a root. But is has
a big root at the bottom, I think. Celery. Celery is correct. We’re
going to take another picture round. For your picture starter, you’re going to see a painting. Ten points if you can identify
the artist. Caravaggio. It is Caravaggio, yes. It’s his Supper at Emmaus, it was given it to the National
Gallery in 1839 after it was deemed unfashionable
and failed to sell at auction. Your picture bonuses are three more
Old Master paintings that failed to sell at auction –
name the artist in each case. Firstly, the painter of this work. In 2010, it failed to sell with a
presale estimate of £15-20 million. It looks like Poussin. Like who? It looks like Poussin, but I’m sure. I don’t know. I don’t think so,
because the trees are too different. I was thinking, like,
Bronzino or someone later. No, it’s not Bronzino. OK. May as well guess it. Poussin? It is Poussin, yes.
Oh, nice. Secondly, name this German painter. In 2006, this work had a presale
estimate of £2-3 million. This is Holbein, maybe? No, I don’t think so.
It’s too natural. That kind of thing.
It could be Durer. Yeah, it could be something by Durer.
Looks a bit atypical, but we’ll see. Durer. No, it was Hans Holbein the Younger. And finally, this painter. The work was donated to
the Rijksmuseum after it failed to sell in 1921. Ah, this is…
This is Vermeer. ..De Hooch. Are you sure it’s not De Hooch?
No, this is Vermeer. I’m pretty sure. Yeah? Sure. Vermeer. It is Vermeer,
you’re right. Nice, good job. Ten points for this. Name two of the three forces,
in addition to weight, that act upon a powered aircraft in straight
and level unaccelerated flight? Thrust and lift. That’s correct. The other one
is drag, of course. APPLAUSE Right, your bonuses this time are on
Latin terminology, York. In each case, give the two-word
Latin term for the description. All three answers begin with
the same letter. Firstly, a two-word term meaning
“let the buyer beware”. I think it’s caveat emptor. Caveat emptor. Correct. Secondly, a two-word term meaning a pretext or public justification
for going to war. Casus belli. Casus belli. Correct. Finally, a two-word term meaning
“for the benefit of whom?” Or “who stands to gain?” Cui bono. Yeah. Cui bono. Cui bono is correct. APPLAUSE Ten points for this. Who took 17 years to complete a poem
written on the death of his close friend, Arthur Hallam? Tennyson. Tennyson is right. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on politics
and social science. In each case, give the single word
that completes these titles. All three answers end in
the letters I-S-M. Firstly, Karl Popper’s 1957 work,
The Poverty Of…what? Historicism? I think it’s
The Poverty Of Historicism. Is it? Historicism. Correct. Secondly, published in 2005,
John Ralston Saul’s work, The Collapse Of…what? I don’t know, communism? Nations?
Capitalism? Could be capitalism. It’s capitalism or communism.
It makes sense. Capitalism. No, it’s globalism. And finally, AC Grayling’s 2013 work The God Argument: The Case
Against Religion And For…what? Surely atheism. Atheism. No, it’s humanism.
Ten points for this. “Every film should have a beginning,
a middle and an end, “but not necessarily in that order.” Which director said that? Born in 1930,
his films include My Life To Live, Alphaville and Breathless. Oh, Jean-Luc Godard. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses this time are on the boroughs of
New York City, St Edmund Hall. Knowing until 1975 as the
Borough of Richmond, which New York borough hosted a
peace conference in September 1776, during the
American Revolutionary War? Staten Island? Staten Island, the Bronx… Yeah. Let’s go with Queens. Queens? No, it was Staten Island. Named after a merchant who settled
in the area in the 17th century, which of New York’s boroughs is
the most northerly? Most northerly…
I think it would be Brooklyn, because that’s a Dutch name.
No, because the Bronx… Is the Bronx not northerly? Is the Bronx…?
Because Brooklyn is here. It’s Brooklyn, Queens,
the Bronx, right? Yeah, yeah. Bronx. The Bronx? Correct. Which of New York’s boroughs
is the most densely populated? It gives its name to a cocktail of
whisky, sweet vermouth and bitters. Manhattan. Manhattan is right. Ten points for this. In medicine,
the degenerative condition synechia effects which
organ of the body? The neuron. No. Anyone like to
buzz from St Edmund Hall? The liver? No, it’s the eye. Ten points for this. From 1800, Gottfried van Swieten, Moritz von Fries and, briefly,
Napoleon Bonaparte were amongst the
dedicatees of symphonies by…? Beethoven. By Beethoven is correct. APPLAUSE You get three bonuses on
the human skeleton, St Edmund Hall. What collective name
denotes the small, independent bones developed in
tendons in the human body? Oh, what are these called?
Like lunate or something? Pardon? Like lunate or something,
I don’t know. I think that’s wrong. I don’t know. Smallest bone, was it?
The small ones in tendons. Come on, let’s have it. Lunate. No, it’s sesamoids. What is the largest sesamoid bone
in the human body? Sternum, maybe, or something?
I don’t know. Sternum’s possible. Nobody know? Sternum? No, it’s the kneecap, the patella. Free-floating but not a
sesamoid bone, the hyoid is the only bone in
the human body with no articulation with
other bones. What does it anchor? What does it anchor?
The tongue, is it? No, the oesophagus, probably, right? Oesophagus. No, it anchors
the tongue. Sorry. Ten points for this. The National Anthem,
The Waldo Moment and San Junipero… Black Mirror. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on African
countries that share borders with only two other countries.
For example, Tunisia. In each case, name the country
from its neighbours. Firstly, Liberia and Guinea. Sierra Leone? I’d say Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone. Correct. Secondly, Cameroon and Gabon. Equatorial Guinea? Yeah. Equatorial Guinea. Correct. Finally,
South Africa and Mozambique. That’s Swaziland. Swaziland. Correct. Ten points for this. Yell and Unst are the
second and third-largest islands of about 100…? Outer Hebrides. No, you lose five points. ..forming which archipelago? The Shetland Islands. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses this time are on
prominent people. In each case, name the unique
full decade during which the following were all alive. Firstly, Jane Austen,
Johann Nepomuk Hummel… GONG
..Marie Antoinette… And at the gong, York University have 105,
St Edmund Hall, Oxford have 240. APPLAUSE Well, bad luck, York, you were up against very strong
opposition tonight. But thank you very much
for taking part. St Edmund Hall,
terrific performance, we’ll look forward to seeing you
again in the next stage of the competition,
thank you for joining us. I hope you can join us next time
for another first-round match. But until then, it’s goodbye from
York University… Goodbye.’s goodbye from
St Edmund Hall, Oxford… Goodbye. ..and it’s goodbye from me. Goodbye. APPLAUSE

42 Replies to “University Challenge 2018/19 E7. York v St Edmund Hall – Oxford. 3 Sep 2018

  1. Nice to see an Oxford college on here for a change, and great to actually see one of them from Britain. As if they don't have enough advantages, questions seem to be made for them. An Indian contestant, there are two starter questions about India and three questions on Hindu festivals. Go figure.

  2. Why did Bate lose 5 points for the wrong answer to the "AU" question? Paxman had finished the question, to my hearing.

  3. Bresson was 'pretty' useless. Not cool to leave Leo the Lion hanging at 22:00, considering he had to overcompensate for her underwhelming contribution :/

  4. I'm really looking forward to the semis and quarter finals this time round. Some cracking teams have got through so far, and the elimination matches should be a beauty.

  5. Can't recall seeing an Indian on UC… Pisharody was very impressive. Luckily, some India related questions came in handy for him

  6. I quite liked Blackett, so too bad that his side couldn't get anything going against Leo and company. Thus far this season has been dominated by solid teams led by brilliant captains. I can't say Leo has been my favorite of this bunch, but his performance in this episode was stellar for sure.

  7. Leo is really good all-round, great performance. They did get lucky though with the India questions, as well as the starter about Armenia to which the answer was '-stan'.


    Thanks to their late showing on African geography, York crack triple digits and in doing so, take hold of the last wild card spot. But with seven more first round matches to go, it would take a miracle for their score to hold up. With this result, the spies-in-training of SOAS are officially eliminated.

    175 Emmanuel – Cambridge
    150 Exeter
    150 Hertford – Oxford
    105 York
    90 SOAS
    75 Pembroke – Oxford
    55 Strathclyde

  9. Was Leo reading from a TelePrompTer? Pisharody, you’re from India, period. No need for too much information on where you grew up etc Palazzo, I don’t know where I’m from, so I’ll be from a London, North Yorkshire and the Shetlands….St Ed’s , you need to substitute Bresson before the next round. She spends her time trying to looking intelligent and intense….

  10. Had DRUNK DRUGGED "students" next door TERRORIZING neighbours loud rock metal punk rap hiphop VILE NOISES


    Are there ANY GOOD students who PLAY MELODIC GREAT CATCHY POP MUSIC that neighbours CAN ALSO ENJOY ?


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